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COVID-19 Scan for Nov 09, 2022

COVID-linked kidney damage tied to increased danger of demise in hospital sufferers

An observational research printed this week in eClinicalMedicine means that COVID-19–associated acute kidney damage (AKI) is tied to a larger danger of demise, and that extreme AKI could result in poor restoration of kidney operate.

Researchers with the Consortium for Medical Characterization of COVID-19 by EHR (digital well being report) assessed AKI and subsequent restoration amongst 12,891 grownup sufferers who examined constructive for COVID-19 from Jan 1 to Sep 10, 2020, and had been admitted to fifteen hospitals in 11 healthcare programs in 5 international locations.

Individuals had not less than one recorded serum creatinine worth within the yr earlier than hospitalization as much as Sep 10, 2021. The research happened throughout wild-type virus dominance earlier than the COVID-19 vaccine rollout.

Of the 12,891 COVID-19 sufferers, 50.5% had not less than one episode of AKI. Relative to non-AKI sufferers, these with an AKI prognosis had a better demise price (32.5% vs 10.4%), and 39.2% did not recuperate complete kidney operate inside 90 days or finish of follow-up.

Danger elements for demise had been extreme AKI (hazard ratio [HR], 4.22) and ischemic coronary heart illness (HR, 1.26). Extreme AKI was tied to worse kidney restoration, whereas using the antiviral remdesivir (HR, 1.34) was related to higher restoration.

AKI sufferers had been extra doubtless than these with out the prognosis to be males (77.8% vs 71.2%), aged 70 years and older (55.0% vs 35.9%; HR, 2.77), and to have extreme COVID-19 (58.6% vs 27.8%; HR, 2.91).

Individuals identified as having COVID-19-linked AKI had been extra more likely to have persistent kidney illness (CKD; 47.8% vs 28.6%), cirrhosis (3.2% vs 2.4%), hypertension (59.8% vs 42.4%), ischemic coronary heart illness (22.4% vs 12.6%), persistent obstructive pulmonary illness (COPD; 14.8% vs. 9.6%), and former venous thromboembolism (blood clot in a vein; 20.3% vs 13.4%).

Elevated baseline serum creatinine (indicating poor kidney operate) was famous in AKI sufferers at 6 months (danger ratio [RR], 1.49) and 1 yr (RR, 1.54).

“Additional research are warranted to establish therapeutic methods to delay the onset and/or development into persistent kidney illness after an inciting AKI occasion,” the authors wrote.
Nov 7 eClinicalMedicine study


UK research exhibits few COVID-19 deaths in kids, younger adults

A research yesterday in PLOS Drugs performed in England exhibits that the danger of demise on account of COVID-19 stays very low for youngsters and younger adults, with most deaths occurring in these with underlying well being circumstances.

Researchers from the UK Well being Safety Company analyzed knowledge on anybody in England below the age of 20 who died inside 100 days of a confirmed COVID-19 an infection between March 2020 and December 2021.

Of 185 complete deaths that occurred, 81 had been on account of COVID-19. Of these 81, 75% of sufferers had vital underlying well being points, together with extreme incapacity (27 case-patients) or compromised immune programs (12 case-patients).

Half the COVID-19 deaths (41/81, 50.6%) occurred inside 7 days of affirmation of SARS-CoV-2 an infection and 91% (74/81) inside 30 days, the authors mentioned.

For the 22 months of the research, COVID-19 was accountable for 1.2% (81/6,790) of all deaths in folks aged lower than 20 years, with an an infection fatality price of 0.70 per 100,000 SARS-CoV-2 infections.

In a PLOS press launch on the research, coauthor Shamez Ladhani, PhD, mentioned, “Our nationwide surveillance in England continues to point out a really very low danger of demise on account of COVID-19 in kids and youngsters, with most fatalities occurring in these with a number of and life-limiting underlying circumstances.”
Nov 8 PLOS Med study
Nov 8 PLOS press release

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